Bolivarian Games

Bolivarian Games
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TypeMulti-sport event 22
Organising bodyODEBO
Founded1938; 84 years ago (1938)
RegionSouth America
(Andean states)
Nations11 (2022)
RelatedPan American Games
Websiteodebo.org/juegos
Inauguración XVII Juegos Bolivarianos Trujillo 2013.jpg
Inauguration of the XVII Games in 2013
Games

The Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos, full name Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos) are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Bolivariana, ODEBO). The event is open to athletes from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. In 2010, the ODEBO decided to include Chile as seventh member of ODEBO.[1] Except Panama, all other participating countries are Andean states.

History

Games were named after Venezuelan military and political leader Simón Bolívar

The first Games were held in 1938 in Bogotá, Colombia for the city's 400th anniversary. They have since been held irregularly, but every four years since 1973, with the most recent edition in Valledupar, Colombia in 2022. Inspired by the events of 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin,[2] Alberto Nariño Cheyne was the key designer of the idea of a Games to foster unity among the Bolivarian countries through the means of sport.[3]

Following the first Games, the Bolivarian Sports Organization was formed as a sub-organisation of the Pan American Sports Organization by six founding members from the respective countries – Jorge Rodríguez Hurtado (Bolivia), Alberto Nariño Cheyne (Colombia), Galo Plaza Lasso (Ecuador), Luis Saavedra (Panama), Alfredo Hohagen Diez Canseco (Peru) and Julio Bustamante (Venezuela).[2]

In terms of medals, Peru was dominant in the early years of the competition but Venezuela has consistently been the most successful country since the 1960s.

A detailed history of the early editions of the Bolivarian Games between 1938 and 1989 was published in a book written (in Spanish) by José Gamarra Zorrilla, former president of the Bolivian Olympic Committee, and first president (1976-1982) of ODESUR.[4]

Summary

Games

Year Ed. Host city Host country [n 1] Opened by Period Nat. Athl. Winner
1938 I Bogotá  Colombia Alfonso López Pumarejo 6–22 Aug 6  Peru
1948 II Lima  Peru José Luís Bustamante y Rivero 25 Dec – 8 Jan 6  Peru
1951 III Caracas  Venezuela Germán Suárez Flamerich 5–21 Dec 6  Peru
1961 IV Barranquilla  Colombia Alberto Lleras Camargo 3–16 Dec 5  Venezuela
1965 V Quito  Ecuador Ramón Castro Jijón 20 Nov – 6 Dec 6  Venezuela
1970 VI Maracaibo  Venezuela Rafael Caldera 23 Aug – 6 Sep 6  Venezuela
1973 VII Panama City  Panama Demetrio Basilio Lakas 17 Feb – 3 Mar 5  Venezuela
1977 VIII La Paz  Bolivia Hugo Banzer 15–29 Oct 6  Venezuela
1981 VIX Barquisimeto  Venezuela Luís Herrera Campins 4–14 Dec 6  Venezuela
1985 X Cuenca  Ecuador León Febres Cordero 9–18 Nov 6  Venezuela
1989 XI Maracaibo  Venezuela Jaime Lusinchi 14–25 Jan 6  Venezuela
1993 XII Cochabamba  Bolivia Jaime Paz Zamora 24 Apr – 2 May 6  Venezuela
1997 XIII Arequipa  Peru Alberto Fujimori 17–26 Oct 6  Venezuela
2001 XIV Ambato  Ecuador Roberto Hanze 7–16 Sep 6  Venezuela
2005 XV Armenia and Pereira  Colombia Álvaro Uribe 12–21 Aug 6  Venezuela
2009 XVI Sucre  Bolivia Evo Morales 15–26 Nov 6 435  Venezuela
2013 XVII Trujillo[5]  Peru Ollanta Humala 16–30 Nov 11 562  Colombia
2017 XVIII Santa Marta  Colombia Clara Luz Roldán 11–25 Nov 11 469  Colombia
2022 XIX Valledupar 24 Jun – 5 July 11 389  Colombia
2024 XX Ayacucho  Peru TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA
2025 XXI Guayaquil  Ecuador TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

Beach Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Nations Events Top medalling
nation
2012 I Lima  Peru 1–11 November 10 64  Peru
2014 II Huanchaco[6]  Peru 3–12 December 11 71  Venezuela
2016 III Iquique[7]  Chile 24 November - 3 December 11 81  Chile
2019 IV Vargas  Venezuela Cancelled
Notes
  1. ^ As recognized by the IOC.

Youth Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Nations Events Top medalling
nation
2023 I Sucre[8]  Bolivia TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

Sports

The following table was compiled based on information extracted from a variety of sources.[4][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] It should be considered as incomplete.

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

  Aquatics  Cycling  Football  Gymnastics  Underwater sports  Volleyball -   Basketball

Sport (Discipline) Body 38 47 51 61 65 70 73 77 81 85 89 93 97 01 05 09 13 17 22
World South America
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA ASUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Open water swimming Open water swimming pictogram.svg X X X
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg X X X X
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg FITA AAF X X X X X X
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF BPA X X X X
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
3x3 Basketball Basketball 3x3 pictogram.svg X
 
Basque Pelota/
Pelota Nacional
Basque pelota pictogram.svg FIPV X X X X
Billiards Cue sports pictogram.svg CMSB CPB X X X X X X
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bola Criollas Bocce pictogram.svg FIB X
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X X X X X
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Equestrianism Dressage pictogram.svg X
Canoeing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg ICF COPAC X X X X X X
Chess Chess pictogram.svg FIDE CCA X X X X X X X
Climbing Climbing pictogram.svg IFSC X X X
Coleo Equestrian pictogram.svg X
 
BMX racing Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI COPACI X X X X X
Mountain biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg X X X X X
Road cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling Cycling (track) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey Field hockey pictogram.svg FIH PAHF X
 
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg X X X X
 
Golf Golf pictogram.svg IGF FSG X X X X X X X
 
Artistic gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG CONSUGI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X
Trampoline Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg X X
 
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF SCAHC X X X
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF PKF X X X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg UIPM X
Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg IRF PARC X X X X X X
Roller speed skating Speed rolling pictogram.jpg FIRS CPRS X X X
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA X X X X X
Rugby Rugby sevens pictogram.svg IRB CONSUR X X X
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF SASC X X X X X X X X X
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X X X X
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF FPS X X X X X X
Surfing Surfing pictogram.svg ISA APAS X X X
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF PATU X X X X X X X X X X
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU PATCO X X X X X X
 
Finswimming Finswimming pictogram.svg CMAS X
Freediving Freediving pictogram.svg X
Spearfishing Spearfishing pictogram.svg X
 
Beach volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB CSV X X X X X
Volleyball Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Water skiing Water skiing pictogram.svg IWWF IWWF Pan Am X X X X
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wushu Wushu pictogram.svg IWUF PAWF X
 
Total sports[9] 16 15 16 12 20 17 16 16 19 18 19 18 21 30 28 30 44 45 43

All-time medal count

The total medal count for all the Games until 2022 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals won by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals. Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala and Paraguay started competing since the 2013 Bolivarian Games.

As of 2022:

Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Venezuela 1861 1555 1188 4604
2  Colombia 1562 1381 1146 4089
3  Peru 621 715 935 2271
4  Ecuador 442 699 1048 2189
5  Panama 196 198 335 729
6  Chile 124 146 221 491
7  Bolivia 109 193 421 723
8  Dominican Republic 58 57 122 237
9  Guatemala 45 63 88 196
10  Paraguay 23 32 36 91
11  El Salvador 13 20 22 55
Total 5054 5059 5562 15675

All time records

All-time medal count (Beach Games)

As 2016

Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Venezuela 58 50 46 154
2  Chile 48 46 38 132
3  Peru 48 35 47 130
4  Colombia 30 24 29 83
5  Ecuador 19 40 37 96
6  Guatemala 6 3 6 15
7  Paraguay 3 9 9 21
8  El Salvador 3 6 5 14
9  Dominican Republic 1 3 6 10
10  Panama 0 0 2 2
11  Bolivia 0 0 0 0
Total 216 216 215 647

See also

References

  1. ^ "Historia". odebolivariana.org (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b Creacion Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish). Juegos Bolivarianos. Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  3. ^ Historia de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos. EABolivia (2009-11-13). Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  4. ^ a b Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (PDF) (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved June 28, 2012
  5. ^ CPNRadio (December 23, 2010). Trujillo seriá la sede de los juegos Bolivarianos 2013 "Trujillo seriá la sede de los Juegos Bolivarianos 2013" (in Spanish). {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  6. ^ El Telégrafo (July 22, 2013). "Huanchaco será sede de los II Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa" [Huanchaco selected as host city for the 2nd Bolivarian Beach Games] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "Iquique acogerá III Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa 2016". ODEBA. 7 March 2015. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  8. ^ "COB se reúne con el Alcalde de Sucre con miras a los Bolivarianos 2020". www.comiteolimpicoboliviano.org.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS DESDE 1938 HASTA 2009 (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original on August 2, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  10. ^ PARTICIPACION HISTORICA DEL PERU (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2013, retrieved June 28, 2012
  11. ^ CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  12. ^ XIX JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "AMBATO 2001" - MEDALLISTAS DE ORO POR DEPORTE DE ECUADOR (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  13. ^ XV JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "ARMENIA-PEREIRA-CARTAGENA-BOGOTA (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  14. ^ Quesada F., Estewil (April 24, 1993), Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
  15. ^ Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, May 30, 2000, retrieved June 30, 2012
  16. ^ AREQUIPA CAPITAL BOLIVARIANA (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, October 16, 1997, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
  17. ^ HOY SE INAUGURAN LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS DE AMBATO (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, September 7, 2001, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
  18. ^ Pierrend, José Luis; Cornejo, Alfonzo (September 3, 2005), Bolivarian Games: Soccer Tournaments, RSSSF -- The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, retrieved June 30, 2012
  19. ^ HISTORIA DEL BOXEO EN COLOMBIA (in Spanish), boxeodecolombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
  20. ^ Tiro Olímpico. Historial de Medallas (PDF) (in Spanish), Federación Venezolana de Tiro, archived from the original (PDF) on November 16, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012
  21. ^ Participantes en Ciclos Olímpicos (in Spanish), Federación Peruana de Lucha Amateur, September 21, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012
  22. ^ Se inician hoy los Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), La Prensa, Panamá, September 7, 2001, archived from the original on January 31, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
  23. ^ XIV Juegos Bolivarianos Ambato 2001 (in Spanish), Diario HOY, Quito, Ecuador, archived from the original on July 7, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
  24. ^ XV Juegos Bolivarianos 2005 - Armenia - Pereira (in Spanish), archived from the original on July 22, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
  25. ^ CARACAS EN RETROSPECTIVA - JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS 1951 (in Spanish), September 1, 2012, retrieved October 23, 2012
  26. ^ ECUADOR SE CLASIFICO EN SEGUNDO TERMINO (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 7 (original page no.: 6, 13), retrieved October 24, 2012
  27. ^ RESULTADOS GENERALES DE LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 5 (original page no.: 6, 7), retrieved October 24, 2012
  28. ^ Méndez, Jorge (December 29, 1947), La Ciudad de los Virreyes Está de Fiesta por los Juegos Bolivarianos - Sin complejos de inferioridad debemos ganar el béisbol - Un balance de las justas bolivarianos por Jorge Méndez, enviad especial de EL TIEMPO a Lima (in Spanish), El Tiempo, p. 7 (original page no.: 13), retrieved October 25, 2012
  29. ^ El Atletismo Llega a su Etapa Final - Triunfos de Colombia en Natación, Tiro, Ajedrez, Billar - Panamá y el Perú Acaparon las Victorias en la Pruebas de la Jornada de Atletismo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 11, 1951, p. 6 (original page no.: 10), retrieved October 26, 2012
  30. ^ COLOMBIA CAMPEON BOLIVARIANO DE FUTBOL - Bríllante Tríunfo de Forero en la Prueba de Fondo - Holder, de Panamá, Quebró los Records Bolivariano y Panamericano de pesas - Perú conquistó el pentathlon moderno - Lloreda ganó la prueba contra reloj - Exitos de Panamá y Venezuela en boxeo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 17, 1951, p. 10 (original page no.: 17), retrieved October 26, 2012
  31. ^ Quesada, Estewil (January 15, 1989), En la Inauguración de los Bolivarianos - Folclor por encima de la fantasía (in Spanish), El Tiempo, retrieved January 18, 2013
  32. ^ "Medallería - XVIII Juegos Bolivarianos". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  33. ^ "Medallería - XVIII Juegos Bolivarianos". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  34. ^ "Medallería - XVIII Juegos Bolivarianos". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  35. ^ "Tabla de medallería histórica - XVIII Juegos Bolivarianos". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-25.

External links

  • Official website Edit this at Wikidata
  • 2001 Bolivarian Games results (in Spanish)
  • 2005 Bolivarian Games official website (in Spanish)
  • 2009 Bolivarian Games official website (in Spanish)
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